Election Commission of India – what it represents?

Election Commission of India – ECI

The Election Commission of India – भारत के चुनाव आयोग  is the only authority which holds the power over the election process in the country. ECI has the authority to make an election to Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha, State Legislative Assemblies, offices of the President and Vice President. Election Commission of India is a constitutional body.

election commission of india

The Election Commission of India was set up according to the Constitution of India on January 25th, 1950. It is headquartered in New Delhi, India. About 300 officials work as a hierarchical system.  From then it administers each and every election process whether it is District level, State level or National Level.


The Election Commission of India is headed by the Chief Election Commissioner and also 2 Election Commissioner. The Deputy Election Commissioners assist the Election Commissioners in their work. Other staff members which assist them are Director Generals, Principal Secretaries, Secretaries and Under Secretaries. The Election commissioners generally retired IAS officers. The tenure of Chief election commissioner is 6 years or up to age 65. The present CEO is Om Prakash Rawat who will retire by 2nd December 2018. The 2-election commissioner of India are Sunil Arora and Ashok Lavasa would eventually retire on 2nd December 2018.  As on date 2nd, December Sunil Arora would appoint as the new Chief Election Commissioner of India. The President appoints the Chief Election Commissioner along with the 2 Election Commissioner.


Administration of ECI in state-level controlled by the Chief Electoral Officer or CEO of the state.  CEO assisted by the District Magistrate, Electoral Registration Officers, and also Returning Officers.


The official website of ECI is www.eci.nic.in where you can get information about the current election, upcoming elections, election results and also all other e-services related to the election.

NVSP or National Voter’s Service Portal is the website operated by ECI to help the voters to register, check their applicant status, correction of election card etc.

Election Card

Election card or voter ID card a legal document issued to the people of India by the Election Commission of India. It like an identity card which required while casting a vote in the country’s state, national and also the municipal election. The Chief Election Commissioner of India TN Seshan introduced the card during his tenure in 1993.


The card was usually black and while but recently color card also issued. The card looks like a regular laminated bank card with information written. Election card contains the Name, date of birth, passport size photo and also address of the holder. A hologram sticker, serial number, and Signature of the ECI are also present in the card. The card only gives to the citizen of India above 18 years of age.

The function of the Election Commission of India

India is the largest democratic nation in the world. The government formed is directly by the people via General elections. Every citizen of India above 18 years has the right to cast a vote irrespective of their color, caste, sex, and religion. The Election Commission of India given the responsibilities of making fair, free and also a period election for a democratic system. ECI makes rules and regulation regarding the election process in the country. The election commission of India has the power to assign symbols to the political parties.

election commissioner of india

ECI gives recognition to a party as a regional, state and the national party. The ECI makes the voters list and also updates it from time to time. The Election Commission of India asked the Supreme Court of India to put a lifetime ban on the politicians who convicted to criminal activities for contesting elections. It is the prime duty of the commission to make election processes error and corruption free.

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